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Glossary

The official language on Spitsbergen is Norwegian. We can also easily communicate in English. With bears, however, at close contact – only by means of deterrents. Below, instead of the Norwegian dictionary, we present a set of the most important terms and proper names.

Longyearbyen is the capital of the Svalbard archipelago and its most important island - Spitsbergen. There is an airport here and the Governor's Office - the most important person on the island. Longyearbyen was established in 1906 as a mining settlement with a hard bituminous coal mine. Today its main function is administration and being a tourist centre.

In the Horsund Fjord there is the Polish Polar Station, which runs all-year scientific research and is the northernmost Polish scientific institution. It is managed by the Institute of Geophysics (Polish Academy of Science) in Warsaw. For more information, please visit www.hornsund.igf.edu.pl.

The polar day is a phenomenon occurring in Arctic regions, when the sun does not hide behind the horizon for 24 hours. The polar night is a reverse phenomenon. On Spitsbergen (Longyearbyen), the polar day is from April 21 to August 21, and the polar night from October 28 to February 14. The inhabitants of Longyearbyen celebrate the first appearance of the sun in their town (Sun Day), which is March 8th. Concerts and parties take place, "sunny buns" - a kind of sugar-covered doughnuts are given out.

This is another symbol of Spitsbergen. It differs a little from continental species, it has shorter legs and it is more stocky. Being in Svalbard it is difficult to avoid meeting it. It appears in all human settlements, it can be found in Pyramiden, Ny-Ålesund, as well as coming from behind the corner of one of the streets in Longyearbyen. Meetings most often are not dangerous, they keep distance and avoid direct, close contact with people.