Many travellers have tried to determine the magic of the Arctic Circle, but it is not easy. On the other hand, almost all lovers of the wilderness, while crossing the Arctic Circle, feel a thrill. This is especially felt by sailors who cross the Arctic line on their yachts, treating it equally with crossing the equator.
In the subconsciousness there is a conviction that there is the end of the world of comfort and modernity here, further on only a wild, untamed land. And probably nowhere else in the world is this feeling as strong as here.
The Sun at Midnight
The Arctic Circle is the 66°33'39"N parallel in the Northern Hemisphere and 66°33'39"S parallel in the Southern Hemisphere. The position of the Arctic Circle is not constant, but depends directly on the axis of the rotation of the Earth, which in the period of over 40,000 years varies within 2 degrees, or about 180 km. The Arctic Circle is currently drifting north at the speed of around 15m per year. The Arctic Circle line means that during the year the sun in this place may be for 24 hours above or below the horizon. Then there is a so-called polar day in summer and a polar night in winter.
The polar day is a natural phenomenon that means that in summer months the sun never sets. In other words, when the weather is good, it is light for 24 hours. The length of the polar day depends on the place of observation. In the vicinity of the Arctic Circle, the phenomenon of the polar day can be observed from June 12 to July 1, at the North Cape from May 14 to July 29, and in the vicinity of the North Pole, the sun does not set for six months. It can be metaphorically said that a year on the North Pole lasts only one day and one night.